OBJECTIVES & SALIENT FEATURES OF
The Navodaya Vidyalaya System is a unique experiment
unparalleled in the annals of school education in India and
elsewhere. Its significance lies in the selection of talented rural
children as the target group and the attempt to provide them with
quality education comparable to the best in a residential school
system. Such children are found in all sections of society, and in
all areas including the most backward. But, so far, good quality
education has been available only to well-to-do sections of society,
and the poor have been left out. It was felt that
children with special talent or aptitude should be provided
opportunities to proceed at a faster pace, by making good quality
education available to them, irrespective of their capacity to pay
for it. These talented children otherwise would have been deprived
of quality modern education traditionally available only in the
urban areas. Such education would enable students from rural areas
to compete with their urban counterparts on an equal footing. The
National Policy on Education-1986 envisaged the setting up of
residential schools, to be called Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas that
would bring out the best of rural talent.
To serve the objectives of excellence coupled with
equity and social justice.
To promote national integration by providing
opportunities to talented children, largely rural, from
different part of the country, to live and learn together and
develop their full potential.
To provide good quality modern education, including a
strong component of culture, inculcation of values, awareness of
the environment, adventure activities and physical education.
To ensure that all students of Navodaya Vidyalayas
attain a reasonable level of competence in three language as
envisaged in the Three Language Formula; and
To serve, in each district, as focal point for
improvement in quality of school education through sharing of
experiences and facilities.
Navodaya Vidyalayas draw their student strength
from talented children, selected on the basis of a merit test,
called the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test, designed,
developed and conducted by NCERT initially and now, by the
CBSE. The test is held annually on All India basis and at block and
district levels. It is objective, class neutral and is so designed
as to ensure that rural children are not at disadvantage.
Admissions in Jawahar Novodaya Vidyalayas
primarily for children from the rural areas, with provision of 75%
seats for rural children. Seats are reserved for children from the
SC and ST communities in proportion to their population in the
district but not less than the national average. 1/3 of the seats
are for girl students. 3% of the seats are for disabled children.
Vidyalayas offer free education to talented children from Class-VI
to XII. Navodaya Vidyalayas are affiliated to the CBSE. Entry to a
Navodaya Vidyalaya is in Class-VI only along with lateral entry into
Class IX & XI. Each Navodaya Vidyalaya is a
co-educational residential institution providing free boarding
and lodging, expenses on uniforms, text books, stationery, to and
from rail and bus fare. However, a nominal fee @ Rs. 200/- per
month is charged from students of Class IX to XII for
Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi. The students belonging to SC, ST,
categories, girls disabled students and children of the families
below poverty line are exempted from this fee.
The Regional Language is generally the medium of
instruction from Class-VI to VIII and from Class- IX onwards, it is
English for Science and Mathematics and Hindi for Humanities
Navodaya Vidyalayas aim at inculcating values of
national integration through migration scheme though which the inter
regional exchange of students between Hindi and Non-Hindi speaking
States and vice-versa takes place for one academic year. Efforts are
made to promote better understanding of the unity in diversity
and cultural heritage through various activities.
Vidyalayas are located in rural areas across the country.
The State Govt. is to offer cost free land and rent free
temporary buildings for the setting up of a Navodaya Vidyalaya.
In Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, all out efforts are made to develop
competencies among students in scholastic and non-scholastic areas
of education which leads to effective personality development of
each child. Indicated below in the comparison of average pass
percentage of NVS that of other school systems like Kendriya
Vidyalayas and independent schools wherein Navodayas average pass
percentage is significantly higher than the national average of
other schools affiliated to CBSE.